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Squamous Cell Cancer Resources
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Squamous Cell Cancer

Squamous Cell Cancer

Squamous cell cancer is the second most common type of skin cancer; less common than basal cell carcinoma and more common that melanoma. Squamous cell cancer starts in the top layer of the skin.

What are the symptoms of squamous cell cancer?
This cancer can resemble a scaly patch or a pink or red bump, or can look like a scar, open sore or wart. It can be a raised, itchy patch. It tends to form on areas exposed to the sun, including ears, face, neck, shoulders, upper back and arms. Because of the varying appearance it can take, any new or changing suspicious skin growth or area should be checked.

How is squamous cell cancer diagnosed?
Typically, an examination and biopsy will be done. Sometimes, the biopsy is itself the only treatment, if the entire questionable skin growth is removed.

What are the treatments for squamous cell cancer?
A local destruction when caught early or surgical removal is often all that is needed for cancer that has not spread. When cancer has spread, chemotherapy and radiation can be part of treatment.

What are the risk factors for squamous cell cancer?
Sun exposure and use of tanning beds are the biggest risks. People with fair complexions are at higher risk than are people with darker skin. Having a large number of moles, or a family history of skin cancer, means a higher risk.

What are some additional resources for learning about squamous cell cancer?
If you or your loved one is facing squamous cell cancer, CalvertHealth has a whole range of services designed to help you so you never take this journey alone. Please talk to your CalvertHealth provider or your Nurse Navigator, or check the service pages for information about treatments, services and support groups.
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